The Falls Church Combined District Court includes a General District Court and a Juvenile and Domestic Relations District Court. These courts are responsible for hearing cases involving small claims, civil claims, traffic and criminal matters, juvenile delinquency, and domestic disputes. It is also responsible for child and family matters including custody, child support, abuse and neglect cases, and protective order cases.
General District Court
The General District Court has two divisions: Civil Court, and the Traffic and Criminal Court. Civil Court handles civil cases up to $15,000. It also includes a Small Claims Court handling matters of $5,000 or less. Continuances for criminal felonies are granted by agreement with the Commonwealth’s Attorney, and approved by the judge. Continuances for criminal misdemeanors, driving while intoxicated (DWI), or reckless must be approved by the judge. Civil continuances are granted by agreement of both parties and must be approved by the judge.
The Juvenile and Domestic Relations District Court hears all cases of youth under 18 years of age who are charged with, or are the victims of, crimes or other violations of the law in Falls Church. This court also hears petitions for custody and support, as well as any charges made by one family member or household member against another. The court is also responsible for hearing cases involving abuse and neglect of a minor child, and cases involving individuals seeking a protective order. The judge must approve all other continuances.
The Circuit Court hears appeals from District Court along with matters of a more serious nature. When cases are appealed, they are heard in the Arlington County Circuit Court.