The flying squirrel is a small mammal that is listed on the endangered species list. It weights about 5 ounces and is approximately 12 inches long. It has large eyes that are reddish-orange in color. Its fur ranges in color from brown to cinnamon, with gray sides and a white belly. Its tail is broad and flat with a row of hair running down each side. The flying squirrel has a membrane that connects the front and back legs together, this gives the appearance that it flies when the flying squirrel actually glides.
Flying squirrels live in wooded areas and forests and build dens in tree holes or on sturdy branches. During summer months a male and a female will live together in a den, in the winter about 10 squirrels will live together in 1 den. The flying squirrel eats both meat and plant matter and is very fond of maple sap. The flying squirrel is nocturnal. In the wild they can be aggressive and territorial. They will fight over dens and steal food from other squirrels.
Squirrels normally live in trees. However, they will move into attics and chimneys and can cause damage by gnawing wood and wires. Usually, they can be humanely excluded from your property by using rags soaked with ammonia. Squirrels have two litters a year, one in spring and one in fall. If you believe you have squirrels residing in your attic, do not attempt to trap them yourself and contact the Animal Control Officer for advice first. Great care should be used when trapping or excluding these animals as you do not want to exclude a mother squirrel from a litter that may still be in your attic.